AngularJS: Add line-break or HTML Elements in Angular Bootstrap UI Tooltip


In order to add line-break in tool-tip content for angular bootstrap tool-tip component, Please try to understand, There are three versions of the tool-tip: uib-tooltip, uib-tooltip-template, and uib-tooltip-html:

  • uib-tooltip – Takes text only and will escape any HTML provided.
  • uib-tooltip-html $ – Takes an expression that evaluates to an HTML string. Note that this HTML is not compiled. If compilation is required, please use the uib-tooltip-template attribute option instead. The user is responsible for ensuring the content is safe to put into the DOM!
  • uib-tooltip-template $ – Takes text that specifies the location of a template to use for the tooltip. Note that this needs to be wrapped in a tag.

In order to add HTML element like <br> for new line/line-break use uib-tooltip-html instead of uib-tooltip, make sure you have enabled $sceProvider in module config and injected $sce in relevant controller.


The $sceProvider provider allows developers to configure the $sce service.

  • enable/disable Strict Contextual Escaping (SCE) in a module
  • override the default implementation with a custom delegate


$sce is a service that provides Strict Contextual Escaping services to AngularJS.

Strict Contextual Escaping (SCE) is a mode in which AngularJS constrains bindings to only render trusted values. Its goal is to assist in writing code in a way that (a) is secure by default, and (b) makes auditing for security vulnerabilities such as XSS, clickjacking, etc. a lot easier.

Module/Controller Code:

var app = angular
                .module("tooltipApp", ['ui.bootstrap'])
                .config(function($sceProvider) {

app.controller("tooltipController", function($scope, $sce) {
    $scope.tooltipContent = $sce.trustAsHtml('Hello World </br></br>' + 
                                             'Dummy content after line-break ');

HTML Code:

<span ng-app="test" ng-controller="tooltipController">
    <span uib-tooltip-html="tooltipContent">
        Tooltip Content



AngularJS: What and when to use controller, compile, pre-link and post-link?


Compile :

This is the phase where Angular actually compiles your directive. This compile function is called just once for each references to the given directive. For example, say you are using the ng-repeat directive. ng-repeat will have to look up the element it is attached to, extract the html fragment that it is attached to and create a template function.If you have used HandleBars, underscore templates or equivalent, its like compiling their templates to extract out a template function. To this template function you pass data and the return value of that function is the html with the data in the right places.The compilation phase is that step in Angular which returns the template function. This template function in angular is called the linking function.

Linking phase :

The linking phase is where you attach the data ( $scope ) to the linking function and it should return you the linked html. Since the directive also specifies where this html goes or what it changes, it is already good to go. This is the function where you want to make changes to the linked html, i.e the html that already has the data attached to it. In angular if you write code in the linking function its generally the post-link function (by default). It is kind of a callback that gets called after the linking function has linked the data with the template.

Controller :

The controller is a place where you put in some directive specific logic. This logic can go into the linking function as well, but then you would have to put that logic on the scope to make it “shareable”. The problem with that is that you would then be corrupting the scope with your directives stuff which is not really something that is expected. So what is the alternative if two Directives want to talk to each other / co-operate with each other? Ofcourse you could put all that logic into a service and then make both these directives depend on that service but that just brings in one more dependency. The alternative is to provide a Controller for this scope ( usually isolate scope ? ) and then this controller is injected into another directive when that directive “requires” the other one. See tabs and panes on the first page of for an example.

Controller function

Each directive’s controller function is called whenever a new related element is instantiated.

Officially, the controller function is where one:

  • Defines controller logic (methods) that may be shared between controllers.
  • Initiates scope variables.

Again, it is important to remember that if the directive involves an isolated scope, any properties within it that inherit from the parent scope are not yet available.

  • Define controller logic
  • Initiate scope variables
Do not:
  • Inspect child elements (they may not be rendered yet, bound to scope, etc.)

Compile function

Each directive’s compile function is only called once, when Angular bootstraps.

Officially, this is the place to perform (source) template manipulations that do not involve scope or data binding.

Primarily, this is done for optimisation purposes; consider the following markup:

<tr ng-repeat="raw in raws">

The <my-raw> directive will render a particular set of DOM markup. So we can either:

  • Allow ng-repeat to duplicate the source template (<my-raw>), and then modify the markup of each instance template (outside the compile function).
  • Modify the source template to involve the desired markup (in the compile function), and then allow ng-repeat to duplicate it.

If there are 1000 items in the raws collection, the latter option may be faster than the former one.

  • Manipulate markup so it serves as a template to instances (clones).
Do not
  • Attach event handlers.
  • Inspect child elements.
  • Set up observations on attributes.
  • Set up watches on the scope.

Pre-link function

Each directive’s pre-link function is called whenever a new related element is instantiated.

As seen previously in the compilation order section, pre-link functions are called parent-then-child, whereas post-link functions are called child-then-parent.

The pre-link function is rarely used, but can be useful in special scenarios; for example, when a child controller registers itself with the parent controller, but the registration has to be in a parent-then-child fashion (ngModelController does things this way).

Do not:
  • Inspect child elements (they may not be rendered yet, bound to scope, etc.).

Post-link function

When the post-link function is called, all previous steps have taken place – binding, transclusion, etc.

This is typically a place to further manipulate the rendered DOM.

  • Manipulate DOM (rendered, and thus instantiated) elements.
  • Attach event handlers.
  • Inspect child elements.
  • Set up observations on attributes.
  • Set up watches on the scope.

Bing Search Using Angular Material and Angular UI Bootstrap


Using Angular Material, Angular UI Bootstrap, ASP.NET WebAPI and Bing API in implementing Bing clone SPA

Angular Material Directive used

Angular UI Bootstrap Directive used

  1. App Directory Structure


2. Module Directory Structure


3. Logical Module Division


4. App Config contains routing info and App Run contains startup logic


5. Lazy Loading for search page

  • module will not be loaded on page load, it will be loaded once user searched any keyword, this is done by resolving promises during route change.


6. Controller Structure

  • JS closure using IIFE
  • Controller As implementation to avoid $scope var every time in code
  • Named function for controller
  • Function declarations to abstract underline detail
  • Bindable members upfront at the top
  • DI using $inject to overcome issues during bundling and minification.
  • Wrapping members in init() method for controller activation promises.


7. Service Structure

  • Function declarations to abstract underline detail
  • Accessible members upfront at the top
  • Singleton object
  • SRP


8. Directive Structure

  • DOM manipulation using directive
  • Controller As and Controller activation promises
  • Restrict of directive to Element and Attribute only
  • Usage of shared and isolated scope (two way and behavioral binding)
  • Accessible members upfront & Function declarations to hide detail
  • SRP


9. Shared Services Structure – Example 1

  • This will be shared service which will be consumed by all modules for executing CRUD operation, Request Type, URL, Parameter Object will be passed to this shared service, so it will make code more maintainable readble and scaleble. If we dont go through this method then we have to use $http.get() or $ method very where in services files of each module, content negotiation issues can be simply handled over here, If you want to append anything with each URL like ‘Http:\bing\’ then instead of copy it on every service file just hardcode this thing in this file and append URL from thier respective services. We dont need to mention protocol and hostname now in every URL request. It also handles http communication exceptions globally.


10. Shared Services Structure – Example 2

  • Below service is used to store value of search text and selected text throughout application using angular factory.


11. WebAPI Structure

  • Weather transaction is for images, web, news or composite search, every http call will hit Get function first, and then on basis of mode it will redirect to actual BING api call. We can change underline structure anytime for image, news, web & composite search (for instance we can use google search api), but for client, service contract will be same as GET function is acting as facade here.


12. Credentials are stored in web.config and accessed through static class


13. Introduction of Template in HTML Structure for SPA


14. WebPage Snapshot

  • HomePage


  • Autocomplete


  • Main Search Page


  • Web Search Page


  • News Search Page


  • Images Search Page


  • Notification: In case of communication error message and vertical loader is spinning


  • Notification: If search button is pressed without any keyword