ASP.NET CORE: Sending Email with Gmail and Homtail Account using ASP.NET Core services


Sending email from any SMTP server from ASP.NET CORE application is pretty easy, but the flow of command is slight different in core environment.

Gmail SMTP server address is It requires implicit SSL or explicit SSL (TLS) connection, and you should use your Gmail email address as the user name for ESMTP authentication.

So basically we will read email smtp address, port, username and password from appsettings.json, then will inject these config to email service class, in the end we will inject email service class to controller and consumer email send operation.

Step 1: Define email specific information in appsettings.json

  "ConnectionStrings": {
    "DefaultConnection": ""
  "Logging": {
    "IncludeScopes": false,
    "LogLevel": {
      "Default": "Debug",
      "System": "Information",
      "Microsoft": "Information"
  "EmailSettings": {
    "PrimaryDomain": "",
    "PrimaryPort": "587",
    "SecondayDomain": "",
    "SecondaryPort": "587",
    "UsernameEmail": "",
    "UsernamePassword": "emailPassword",
    "FromEmail": "fromEmail",
    "ToEmail": "toEmail",
    "CcEmail": "ccEmail"

SmtpServer: The name of the server that will be used to send the emails.

SmtpPort: The port, which the server will use to send SMTP transactions (emails).

EnableSsl: True, if the server should use SSL (Secure Socket Layer) encryption.

Smtp Server Address and Port #

Server Name SMTP Address Port SSL
Yahoo! 587 Yes
GMail 587 Yes
Hotmail 587 Yes

Step 2: Create a class to encapsulate EmailSettings properties from appsettings.json

public class EmailSettings
        public String PrimaryDomain { get; set; }

        public int PrimaryPort { get; set; }

        public String SecondayDomain { get; set; }

        public int SecondaryPort { get; set; }

        public String UsernameEmail { get; set; }

        public String UsernamePassword { get; set; }

        public String FromEmail { get; set; }

        public String ToEmail { get; set; }

        public String CcEmail { get; set; }

Step 3: Register class in startup.cs for DI purposes


Step 4: Create an Email sender interface

public interface IEmailSender
    Task SendEmailAsync(string email, string subject, string message);

Step 5: Create a message service class which will implement this interface

Inject EmailSettings class in message service using options pattern, so that email configuration defined in appsettings.json is available in this service.

We will use SmtpClient class to allow applications to send e-mail by using the Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP).

public class AuthMessageSender : IEmailSender, ISmsSender
        public AuthMessageSender(IOptions<EmailSettings> emailSettings)
            _emailSettings = emailSettings.Value;

        public EmailSettings _emailSettings { get; }

        public Task SendEmailAsync(string email, string subject, string message)

            Execute (email, subject, message).Wait();
            return Task.FromResult(0);

        public async Task Execute(string email, string subject, string message)
            string toEmail = string.IsNullOrEmpty(email) 
                             ? _emailSettings.ToEmail 
                             : email;
            MailMessage mail = new MailMessage()
                From = new MailAddress(_emailSettings.UsernameEmail, "Muhammad Hassan Tariq")
            mail.To.Add(new MailAddress(toEmail));
            mail.CC.Add(new MailAddress(_emailSettings.CcEmail));

            mail.Subject = "Personal Management System - " + subject;
            mail.Body = message;
            mail.IsBodyHtml = true;
            mail.Priority = MailPriority.High;

            using (SmtpClient smtp = new SmtpClient(_emailSettings.SecondayDomain, _emailSettings.SecondaryPort))
                smtp.Credentials = new NetworkCredential(_emailSettings.UsernameEmail, _emailSettings.UsernamePassword);
                smtp.EnableSsl = true;
                await smtp.SendMailAsync(mail);
          catch(Exception ex)
             //do something here

*exception handling is left for you to implement 🙂

  • You can attach one or several files:
mail.Attachments.Add(new Attachment(Server.MapPath("~/myimage.jpg")));
  • You can send to more than one person at the same time
  • You can set a name for the sender
mail.From = new MailAddress("", "Hello");
  • You can send HTML e-mails, instead of the default plaintext mails
mail.IsBodyHtml = true;
mail.Body = "Testing <b>123!</b>";
  • You can use the CC and BCC fields
  • You can set the priority of an e-mail
mail.Priority = MailPriority.High;

Step 6: Register email sender service in startup.cs, so that it can be injected in controllers

services.AddTransient<IEmailSender, AuthMessageSender>();

Step 7: Controller code (consumer)

Inject email sender service in controller constructor and then invoke SendEmailAsync method of it

public class TestController : Controller
        private readonly IEmailSender _emailSender;

        public AccountController(IEmailSender emailSender)
            _emailSender = emailSender;
        public async Task TestAction()
           await _emailSender.SendEmailAsync("", "subject",
                        $"Enter email body here");


Google may block sign in attempts from some apps or devices that do not use modern security standards. Since these apps and devices are easier to break into, blocking them helps keep your account safer.

Please make sure, in Gmail settings of your account, enable access for less secure apps to avoid below error:

The SMTP server requires a secure connection or the client was not 
authenticated. The server response was: 5.5.1 Authentication Required?


Angular2 in ASP.NET MVC Nuget Package


To install Angular2 Template for MVC & WebAPI, run the following command in the Package Manager Console

Install-Package Angular2-Template-for-MVC-and-WebAPI

This Nuget Package will help you to integrate Angular2 JS framework into ASP.NET MVC or WebAPI applications

Package includes ASP.NET MVC compatible tsconfig.json, typings.json, systemjs.config.js, package.json files. Package also includes client side JS libraries reference and configuration for Angular2, @angular/common, @angular/compiler, @angular/core, @angular/forms, @angular/http, @angular/platform-browser, core-js, lodash, rxjs, systemjs, zone.js. Package also contains sample SPA template implemented according to Angular2 Best Design Guidelines.

File Type INFO:

  1. File1: Package.json file
    package.json identifies npm package dependencies for the project.

    2. File2: tsconfig.json file

    This file defines how the TypeScript compiler generates JavaScript from the project’s files.

    3. File3: typings.json file

    This file provides additional definition files for libraries that the TypeScript compiler doesn’t natively recognize.

    Required Step: Install package.json file

    Open CMD and redirect to your application folder and Using npm from the command line, install the packages listed in package.json with the command:

      > npm install --save --save-dev

    wait for the installation to complete

    4. File4: systemjs.config.js file This file provides information to a module loader about where to find application modules, and registers all the necessary packages.

Project Usage:

  1. Folder name “App” in Scripts folder

    2. Application module file (App/app.module.ts)

    Angular itself is split into separate Angular Modules. This makes it possible for you to keep payload size small by only importing the parts of Angular that your application needs.Every Angular application has at least one module: the root module, named AppModule here.

    3. Component & add it to your application (App/app.component.ts)

    Every Angular application has at least one component: the root component, named AppComponent here.Components are the basic building blocks of Angular applications. A component controls a portion of the screen—a view—through its associated template.

    4. Start up file (App/main.ts)

    Now we need to tell Angular to start up your application.

    5. Index.cshtml in View Folders contain angular 2 directive


    6. _Layout.cshtml contain angular2 script reference and system.js startup configuration

     <!-- 2. Configure SystemJS -->
         System.import('../../Scripts/App/main').catch(function (err) {

ASP.NET Core: Register Angular2 routes with CORE MVC routes


In order to integrate your Angular2 routes within your ASP.NET application, register all angular2 routes as unified entity within Core MVC routes configuration.

Angular2 Routes:

import { NgModule } from '@angular/core';
import { ModuleWithProviders } from '@angular/core';
import { Routes, RouterModule } from '@angular/router';

import { FooComponent } from './foo.component';
import { BarComponent } from './bar.component';

    imports: [
                path: '',
                redirectTo: '/foo',
                pathMatch: 'full',
                data: { title: 'Dashboard' }
                path: 'foo',
                component: FooComponent,
                pathMatch: 'full',
                data: { title: 'Foo' }
                path: 'tweet',
                component: BarComponent,
                pathMatch: 'full',
                data: { title: 'Bar' }
    exports: [

export class AppRoutingModule { }

ASP.NET Core Startup.cs Routes:

public void Configure(IApplicationBuilder app)
            app.UseMvc(routes =>
                    name: "default",
                    template: "{controller=Home}/{action=Index}/{id?}");

                    name: "foobar",
                    template: "{*url}",
                    defaults: new { controller = "Home", action = "Index" });

ASP.NET Core: Step by Step Guide to Access appsettings.json in web project and class library


In ASP.NET Core configuration API provides a way of configuring an app based on a list of name-value pairs that can be read at runtime from multiple sources.Its time to get over with web.config to store and access appSettings keys. Please note that class libraries don’t have an appsettings.json by default. The solution is simple to access appsettings.json key/value pairs in your project through Dependency Injection principle in ASP.NET Core. DI has been already part of Core framework, You just have to register your dependencies in startup.cs file under ConfigureService method.

My appsettings.json

  "ServiceSettings": {
    "NewsMainUrl": "",
    "NewsApiKey": "abc"

  "BALSettings": {
    "Source": "xyz",
    "FilterTerms": "abc;def;"

Step 1: Create Model/Entities classes that has properties that match the settings in a section in appsettings.json

Create a class for BALSettings

namespace Tweet.Entities
    public class BALSettings
        public string Source { get; set; }
        public string FilterTerms { get; set; }

Create a class for ServiceSettings

namespace Tweet.Entities
    public class ServiceSettings
        public string NewsMainUrl { get; set; }
        public string NewsApiKey { get; set; }

Please note that in case you want to access the section of appsettings.json in class library project, then create above entities class in separate class library project in order to avoid circular dependencies conflict between projects in one solution. There is strong chance your web project might be dependent on that class library project.


Step 2: Register appsettings.json section with relevant model classes in DI container

You need to get the appsettings.json section and then bind it, It is done by populating relevant model classes and adding them to the IOptions collection in the DI container and then registering them in Configure() method of the Startup class of ASP.NET Core project

// This method gets called by the runtime. Use this method to add services to the container.
public void ConfigureServices(IServiceCollection services)

Step 3: Access appsettings.json section in MVC or WebAPI controller in ASP.NET Core Project

You can access that class from any method that the framework calls by adding it as a parameter in the constructor. The framework handles finding and providing the class to the constructor. Include Microsoft.Extension.Options in controller to work with IOption collection.

using Microsoft.Extensions.Options;

public class TestController: Controller
    private readonly IOptions<BALSettings> _balSettings;
    private readonly IOptions<ServiceSettings> _serviceSettings; 

    public TestController(IOptions<BALSettings> balSettings,
                          IOptions<ServiceSettings> serviceSettings)
        _balSettings = balSettings;
        _serviceSettings = serviceSettings;
    public IActionResult About()         
       ViewData["Source"] = _balSettings.Value.Source;
       ViewData["NewsMainUrl"] = _serviceSettings.Value.NewsMainUrl;


Step 4: Access appsettings.json section in Class Library Project

Asp.Net Core DI resolve all dependencies before creating controller. As we have already registered our model classes which are containing relevant sections of appsettings.json in startup code.

I have a class library project and I am accessing appsettings.json section in it using below code.


using Microsoft.Extensions.Options;

public class NewsService : INewsService
        private readonly IOptions<ServiceSettings> _serviceSettings;

        public NewsService(IOptions<ServiceSettings> serviceSettings)
            _serviceSettings = serviceSettings;

        public string composeUrl()
            return _serviceSettings.Value.NewsMainUrl + "&apiKey=" + _serviceSettings.Value.NewsApiKey;


Please Note:
If you wan to access appsettings.json key/value data in class library project then you have to add Microsoft.Extensions.Options from NUGET to your relevant class library project, otherwise IOptions collection wouldn’t be accessible to class library project.

Nuget package manager console command:

PM> Install-Package Microsoft.Extensions.Options 

or using nuget package manager


ASP.NET Core: Error – InvalidOperationException Unable to resolve service for type foo while attempting to activate bar


DI is for objects that have complex dependencies. Controllers, services, adapters, and repositories are all examples of objects that might be added to DI. In order to implement Dependency Injection by constructor in ASP.NET core. We have to use DI Containers (Autofac, Ninject, StructureMap). I was working on side project in ASP.NET core, came across this particular issue relevant to DI.

An unhandled exception occurred while processing the request.  
InvalidOperationException: Unable to resolve service for type 'Tweet.BAL.INewsData'
while attempting to activate 'Tweet.Controllers.TweetController'.



Good news is that DI has been already part of Core framework, You just have to register your dependencies in startup.cs file under ConfigureService method.

services.AddTransient<IFoo, Foo>();
services.AddSingleton<IBar, Bar>();
services.AddScoped<IHello, Hello>();

The first generic type represents the type (typically an interface) that will be requested from the container. The second generic type represents the concrete type that will be instantiated by the container and used to fulfill such requests.

ASP.NET services can be configured with the following lifetimes:


Transient objects are always different; a new instance is provided to every controller and every service.


Scoped objects are the same within a request, but different across different requests


Singleton objects are the same for every object and every request (regardless of whether an instance is provided in ConfigureServices)

C#: Error – ‘System.Net.Http.HttpContent’ does not contain a definition for ‘ReadAsAsync’ and no extension method


I was working with HttpClient class to connect to external REST API’s from C# code and was implementing solution with asynchronous programming(Async / Await). Since class library project already have reference of System.Net.Http but I was having issue with extension method ReadAsAsync<T>()

'HttpContent' does not contain a definition for 'ReadAsAsync' and no extension method 
'ReadAsAsync' accepting a first argument of type 'HttpContent' could be found 
(are you missing a using directive or an assembly reference?)



ReadAsAsync is declared in the class HttpContentExtensions, which is in the namespace System.Net.Http in the library System.Net.Http.Formatting.

Right click on project and click Add a reference option, then go to Extensions from 
Assemblies tab and choose System.Net.Http.Formatting. If its not there then add 
manually this assembly, which is also available in the folder:
C:\Program Files\Microsoft ASP.NET\ASP.NET MVC 4\Assemblies 



Alternate Solution:

Execute below command in NUGET console, make sure command is executed only relevant to that project

Install-Package Microsoft.AspNet.WebApi.Client


ASP.NET Core/MVC: Error – The name ‘angular’ does not exist in the current context on Compilation


In case you are integrating Angular2 and Angular Material 2 with your ASP.NET Core and ASP.NET MVC project, you might need to include css or js files explicitly in layout.cshtml.


As you can see red squiggly line on @angular, simple reason is ‘@’ character is Razor server side symbol, so Razor View Engine is throwing up exception.



Declare @lib variable in razor view to handle @angular as part of value for href.

@{ var @lib= "@angular"; }

<environment names="Development">
   <link href="~/node_modules/@lib/material/core/theming/prebuilt/indigo-pink.css" />