Underscore.JS: Access local variables and function inside each function of UnderscoreJS in Typescript

Standard

While using AngularJS with Typescript, I witnessed the scenario, where my function is accessing variables and functions defined in controller constructor, to make life easy for some collection manipulation, I used underscoreJS helper functions, _.each

_.each(data, function(item : any) {
     item.name = this.formatName(item);
});

Everything was on track, except I was unable to access local variables and functions(this.formatName) defined in the angular controller in underscoreJS _.each, I was getting an undefined error for this.formatName method inside _.each.

Solution:

As you are aware of the fact that ‘this‘ keyword behaves differently in JavaScript compared to other languages. For Typescript, ‘this‘ keyword refers to the current instance of the class. In JavaScript, the value of ‘this‘ is determined mostly by the invocation context of the function and where it is called. (Read this reference)

  1. In order to resolve this problem, inject ‘this‘ as context by setting it up as the third parameter to _.each helper function
_.each(data, function(item : any) {
     item.name = this.formatName(item);
}, this);

2. There is one more solution too by saving the context in temporary variable before consuming ‘this’ in _.each

public testFunction() : void {
  var context = this;
  _.each(data, function(item : any) {
      item.name = context.formatName(item);
  });
}

 

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